Key Resources

gender norm changes
Overseas Development Institute, | Societal Norms | Global

Excellent primer on how norms change in society. This toolkit lays out a broad case for how gender norms change over time. Efforts to change mindsets are important and are captured here, but so are broader economic, political and technological changes. The document also highlights the unintended consequences and resistance to change that often accompanies progress in shifting norms.

Male Engagement in Ending Child Marriage
Girls Not Brides, | Societal Norms | Global

A short primer on proven ways in which we can work with boys and men to change mindsets around child marriage. A very helpful resource with links to other articles.

The Age, | Societal Norms - Article | Americas

In this piece, former US President Jimmy Carter reflects on how the US Southern Baptist Convention’s beliefs about women stand at odds with his own religious beliefs and understanding of the role of women. He further discusses how the beliefs held by the Convention (and other religious organizations that believe in a subjugated role for women in the church) contribute to gender inequity around the world.
 

TIME, | Societal Norms - Article | Asia Pacific

This article highlights recent data showing that while gains have been made in girls' enrollment since a 2009 law requiring that education be free and compulsory for all children between the ages of 6 and 14, girls are still not attending as they should due to highly unequal expectations around housework.

The Atlantic, | Societal Norms - Article | Americas

A study that finds that adults view black girls as less child-like and less in need of protection than their white peers

Quartz Africa, | Societal Norms - Article | Africa

An article breaking down UNICEF's report on the disproportionate number of hours girls spend on housework in Africa.

Ideas for India, | Societal Norms - Article | Asia Pacific

Adolescent girls in rural Rajasthan frequently leave education early and marry young. This article develops a novel methodology to elicit average parental preferences over a daughter's education and age of marriage, and subjective beliefs about the evolution of her marriage-market prospects. It finds that prospects of finding a desirable groom are an important driver of girls’ education. Policies that help girls stay in school can prevent early marriage.

Data 2x, | Societal Norms - Study | Global

This report synthesises the literature on social norms and their interactions with the lives of adolescent girls, and reviews ways to measure social norms. It includes two case studies about programmes that have changed norms around child marriage in Guatemala and female genital mutilation/cutting in Senegal. The authors suggest that improving girls’ well-being requires providing information about the consequences of harmful norms while creating safe spaces for community members to, together, question existing norms, expand personal capacities and aspirations, and re-imagine existing relationships.

Overseas Development Institute, | Societal Norms - Toolkit | Global

This Research and Practice Note provides an overview of key thinking on social norms of relevance to challenging gender inequalities that affect adolescent girls. It defines gender norms as informal rules and shared social expectations that distinguish expected behaviour on the basis of gender. It draws on fieldwork in Ethiopia, Nepal, Vietnam and Uganda.

Save the Children, | Societal Norms - Toolkit | Asia Pacific

Resource for anyone looking to see an example of a promising practice for working with families to change gender norms. In 2009, Save the Children in Nepal developed and evaluated a behavior change intervention called “Choices,” which targeted young adolescent boys and girls with the purpose of changing gender-related attitudes, norms and behaviors, and increasing their understanding and support for more egalitarian relationships between boys and girls. The intervention has been evaluated by the Institute for Reproductive Health at Georgetown University and shown to be a success.

Action Aid, | Societal Norms - Report | Global

A report on how government tax incentives for corporations could be rerouted to fund girls' education.

United Nations Girls' Education Initiative, | Societal Norms - Article | Africa

An article about a program in Kenya that supports men to advocate for girls with disabilities in their school community.

Brookings Institution, | Societal Norms - Study | Asia Pacific

A study on the emerging field of social impact bonds in India. One of the earliest bonds was contracted with Educate Girls.

Gender & Adolescence: Global Evidence, | Societal Norms - Study | Global

A study analyzing what works in programming for adolescent boys around gender equity.

Teach For All, | Societal Norms - Video | Asia Pacific

A Teach For All Talk featuring the founder of Educate Girls in India. The talk provides great insight into Educate Girls' community-based model for changing beliefs and expectations for girls in rural India.

Key Resources

gender norm changes
Overseas Development Institute, | Societal Norms | Global

Excellent primer on how norms change in society. This toolkit lays out a broad case for how gender norms change over time. Efforts to change mindsets are important and are captured here, but so are broader economic, political and technological changes. The document also highlights the unintended consequences and resistance to change that often accompanies progress in shifting norms.

Male Engagement in Ending Child Marriage
Girls Not Brides, | Societal Norms | Global

A short primer on proven ways in which we can work with boys and men to change mindsets around child marriage. A very helpful resource with links to other articles.